DTE GI Liver Revive

This product is a comprehensive formula designed to help support barrier function of the gastrointestinal lining. The mucosal epithelium serves multiple purposes including allowing nutrients from the diet to be absorbed and digested while simultaneously serving as a barrier that protects against unwanted food particles, toxins and microorganisms from passing directly into the body. This product includes a synergistic blend of ingredients that support the health of the GI lining while maintaining normal inflammatory balance and liver detoxification pathways to support overall health.

 


 
 

 

Overview

Under healthy conditions, the GI tract contains a semi- permeable epithelial mucosal barrier which protects against the unwanted passage of food antigens, toxins, and microorganisms from crossing directly into the bloodstream. Several factors can affect the integrity of the epithelial barrier including medications (particularly NSAIDs), stress, alcohol intake, injury, trauma, microbial imbalance and poor nutrition. Reducing the impact of these factors and preserving a healthy GI tract is critical for maintaining long-term health.

In order to protect the mucosal barrier, a thick, complex layer of mucus is produced. From the stomach and throughout the intestines, the mucosa consists of a single layer of epithelial cells covered by a layer of secreted mucus. Like saliva, mucus is a complex fluid that is rich in mucin glycoproteins . Mucin shields epithelial tissue from mechanical and chemical stress. Mucin also provides a broad range of immune support which helps maintain microbial balance. This product includes L-glutamine, gamma oryzanol, N-acetyl glucosamine and lactoferrin to help support the health of the intestinal mucosal barrier and maintain healthy mucin production. This product also includes the additional benefit of N-acetyl cysteine and milk thistle to promote detoxification of harmful chemicals.

 

L-Glutamine†

L-glutamine is an amino acid which serves as a primary source of fuel for the small intestines. Epithelial cells in the small intestines (enterocytes) use L-glutamine as their metabolic fuel, which helps maintain mucosal growth, structure, and function.1 Under times of stress, L-glutamine has been shown to become a conditionally essential amino acid, helping to regenerate and maintain a healthy mucosal barrier.2 An increase in intestinal permeability can result in increased exposure to food, toxins and microorganisms. Inflammatory signals that are released during this exposure can trigger the stress hormone cortisol to increase the breakdown and utilization of L-glutamine in the small intestines.3 L-glutamine provides the primary fuel source for the gut mucosal lining to maintain the health of gut tissue.3

 

Gamma Oryzanol†

Gamma oryzanol is a natural component of rice bran oil. It is a mixture of ferulic acid esters of sterol and triterpene alcohols. Rice bran oil includes about 1-2% gamma oryzanol, which it functions as a highly effective antioxidant in the GI tract. Gamma oryzanol has been shown to protect gastric mucosa from free radical stress and maintain normal inflammatory balance by inhibiting NFkB in macrophages.4,5

 

N-Acetyl Glucosamine†

N-acetyl glucosamine is the acetylated form of glucosamine. N-acetyl glucosamine is a mucin precursor and has been shown to increase the production of mucus within the GI tract.6 Colonic mucus production has been shown to be deficient in individuals with GI challenges. Research has indicated that the step involving N-acetylation of glucosamine may be deficient in patients with intestinal challenges.7-8 This can result in a decrease of glycoproteins that protect the intestinal mucosa.8

 

Lactoferrin†

Lactoferrin is a glycoprotein that is naturally found in colostrum, a milky fluid produced by the mammary glands. Lactoferrin plays a major role in supporting immune health including both innate and adaptive immune functions. Lactoferrin helps maintain normal microbial and inflammatory balance in the GI tract.9 In animal studies, orally administered lactoferrin supported the health of the GI tract in mice and provided protection against NSAID activity.10 Research has also indicated that lactoferrin can help maintain normal inflammatory balance in the gut by inhibiting TNFα and promoting cytokine IL-8.10

 

Silymarin (Milk Thistle Seed Extract) †

Milk thistle (Silybum marianum) is an annual plant indigenous to Europe and the United States and has been used for centuries as an herbal medicine to boost liver function. The extract of milk thistle has silymarin, the biologically active component found in the seeds and leaves of this plant. Silymarin provides liver- protective effects via several mechanisms of action, including inhibiting lipid peroxidation;11 supporting liver detoxification through enhancement of the liver’s glucuronidation pathways;12 and protection against glutathione depletion.13 Silymarin has been shown to increase hepatocyte protein synthesis resulting in hepatic tissue function.14

 

N-Acetyl Cysteine†

N-acetyl cysteine (NAC) is a sulfhydryl-containing amino acid that is commonly used to support liver and gut health. NAC is an effective precursor to the major antioxidant in the body, glutathione. Oral supplementation with NAC has been shown to increase intracellular glutathione levels.15 NAC also stimulates a specific detoxification pathway in the liver called glutathione conjugation.16

 

Micronutrient Blend†

Vitamin B12, found only in organ meats, seafood and egg yolks, often becomes deficient in vegan and vegetarian diets. The vitamin is essential for the metabolism of fats and carbohydrates, the synthesis of proteins, and also plays a role in regulating mitochondrial enzymes and energy metabolism, as well as neurological health.8 In a population study of 700 women aged 65 and over, more optimal B12 levels were found to be associated with better mood balance and health.17

 


 

Directions

2 capsules three times per day or as recommended by your health care professional.

Does Not Contain
Shellfish, gluten, yeast, artificial colors and flavors.

Cautions
If you are pregnant or nursing, consult your physician before
taking this product.

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References

  1. Tang ZF, Ling YB, Lin N, et al. Glutamine and recombinant human growth hormone protect intestinal barrier function following portal hypertension surgery. World J Gastroenterol 2007;13: 2223-2228.

  2. Akobeng AK, Miller V, Stanton, et al. Double-blind randomized controlled trial of glutamine-enriched polymeric diet in the treatment of active Crohn’s disease. J Pediatr Gastroenterol Nutr 2000;30:78-84.

  3. Miller AL. Therapeutic considerations of l-glutamine:
    a review of the literature. Altern Med Rev 1999;4:239-248.

  4. Ichimaru Y, Moriyama M, et al. Effects of gamma-oryzanol on gastric lesions and small intestinal propulsive activity in mice. Nippon Yakurigaku Zasshi 1984; 84(6):537-542.

  5. Islam MS, Murata T, et al. Anti-inflammatory effects
    of phytosteryl ferulates in colitis induced by dextran sulphate sodium in mice. Br J Pharmacol 2008; 154(4):812- 824.

  6. Deters A, Petereit F, et al. N-Acetyl-D-glucosamine oligosaccharides induce mucin secretion from colonic tissue and induce differentiation of human keratinocytes. J Pharm Pharmacol 2008; 60(2):197-204.

  7. Cope GF, Heatley RV, Kelleher J, Axon AT. In vitro mucus glycoprotein production by colonic tissue from patients with ulcerative colitis. Gut 1988 Feb;29(2):229-34.

  8. Burton AF, Anderson FH. Decreased incorporation
    of 14C-glucosamine relative to 3H-N-acetyl glucosamine in the intestinal mucosa of patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Am J Gastroenterol 1983 Jan;78(1):19-22.

  9. Actor J K, Hwang SA, et al. Lactoferrin as a natural immune modulator. Curr Pharm Des 2009; 15(17):1956-1973.

  10. DialEJ,DohrmanAJ,etal.Recombinanthumanlactoferrin prevents NSAID-induced intestinal bleeding in rodents. J Pharm Pharmacol 2005; 57(1):93-99.

11. BosisioE,BenelliC,PirolaO,etal.Effectofthe flavanolignans of Silybum marianum L. on lipid peroxidation in rat liver microsomes and freshly isolated hepatocytes. Pharmacol Res 1992;25:147-154.

12. HalimAB,el-AhmadyO,Hassab-AllahS,etal.Biochemical effect of antioxidants on lipids and liver function in experimentally-induced liver damage. Ann Clin Biochem 1997;34:656-663.

13. CamposR,GaridoA,GuerraR,etal.Silybin dihemisuccinate protects against glutathione depletion and lipid peroxidation induced by acetaminophen on rat liver. Planta Med 1989;55:417-419.

14. SonnenbichlerJ,ZetlI.Biochemicaleffectsofthe flavanolignane silibinin on RNA, protein and DNA synthesis in rat livers. In: Cody V, Middleton E, Harbourne JB, eds. Plant Flavonoids in Biology and Medicine: Biochemical, Pharmacological, and Structure-Activity Relationships. New York, NY; 1986:319-331.

15. Yim CY, Hibbs Jr JB, McGregor, et al. Use of N-acetyl cysteine to increase intracellular glutathione during induction pf antitumor responses by IL-2. J Immunol 1994; 152:5796- 5805.

16. KellyGS.ClinicalapplicationsofN-acetylcysteine.Altern Med Rev 1998; 3(2):114-127.

17. ReifenR.VitaminAasananti-inflammatoryagent.Proc Nutr Soc 2002; 61(3):397-400.

18. SaidHM.Cellandmolecularaspectsofhumanintestinal biotin absorption. J Nutr 2009; 139(1):158-162.



† These statements have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. This product is not intended to diagnose, treat, cure, or prevent any disease.